The History of Valencia

The foundation of Valencia is often attributed to Junio Bruto by the year 137 B.C., later, the city was devastated by Pompeyo due to his fights against Sertorio; Valence and Sagunto, both constituted an important nucleus of the edetana region during the I century. At the beginning of the VII century the Goth king Sisebuto expulsed the Byzantine people from Valencia and incorporated the city to the Goth monarchy, this way Valencia became an Episcopal see.

It was conquered by the Moslem people in 714 and was converted in cora capital and a vali seat. In the XI century, after the disintegration of the caliph of Cordova, Valencia was converted in the capital of the taifa kingdom. In 1238, the Ruzafa capitulation in front of Jaime I inaugurated the Christian kingdom in Valencia , this fact ended the five centuries of Moslem domination that had left in this town a deep cultural, artistic and also economic footprint.

In 1261 the king swore the Valencian kingdom jurisdictions and customs; they were conserved until the Nueva Planta decree in which was abolished in the year 1716. In the century XIV the union war exploded, this war last seven years and confronted Valencia against Pedro "the ceremonious" and finished when he won in Mislata. At the end of the XIV century, the confrontation between Fernando de Antequera and the Urgel's earl caused a violent rivalry between the Centelles and the Vilaragut. In 1502 Fernando el Católico inaugurated the university, and later, between 1519 and 1522, exploded in Valencia the guild rebellion (Germanía's rebellion).

In 1609 was produced the Moorish expulsion, it had serious consequences for the Valencian economy because in 1613 the Taula de Canvis was going down. During the Independence War, the Suchet marshal occupied the city (1812), but in 1813 the Elio general reconquered Valencia.

During the XIX century second half, Valencia became in one of the biggest rooting center of the republican and socialists ideals being the seat of the meetings of the Regional Spain Federation in 1871, 1883 and 1888; it was also the seat of the republican uprising in 1869 and seat of the proclamation of the Cantón de Valencia in 1873. During the civil war it became the republic capital after government flight (1937 - 1939), since 1982 is the capital of the Valencian community.